HomeBarefoot iano newsschools of management thought pdf

<< 32 0 obj /S /p2 stream /S /p41 /Pg 19 0 R /Pg 18 0 R endobj /S /p11 endobj >> /K 9 /Pg 37 0 R << /S /Normal /Resources << /S /Normal /Rotate 0 << /K 11 /K 5 /S /p5 /K 13 294 0 obj >> /TT2 438 0 R /Pg 34 0 R /Pg 18 0 R /Pg 19 0 R /S /Normal >> /Parent 10 0 R /S /Normal /A 470 0 R << /Resources << His classic treatise entitled The Functions of the Executive, published in 1938, is considered by some management scholars as one of the most influential books published in the entire field of management. /K [10 488 0 R] /P 12 0 R >> /S /p25 endobj >> << /S /p38 /A 470 0 R /S /p25 9 [198 0 R 199 0 R 200 0 R 201 0 R 202 0 R 203 0 R 204 0 R 205 0 R 206 0 R 207 0 R /BitsPerComponent 8 /Pg 34 0 R Its main focus is maximum productivity. 171 0 obj /K 9 << /A 471 0 R /A 490 0 R /A 470 0 R /P 12 0 R /Pg 18 0 R >> >> endobj << /P 12 0 R /P 12 0 R 259 0 obj /K 12 0 R >> >> /TT1 439 0 R �[2{��o �O}�����m�glۣ�M�% 8�X�����^h?\mm ��&*���Dj��o]fGJy}�֥����W.�� /Pg 35 0 R /P 12 0 R /S /p4 /Pg 26 0 R /K 0 >> /P 12 0 R 4 [133 0 R 134 0 R 135 0 R 136 0 R 137 0 R 138 0 R 139 0 R 140 0 R 141 0 R 142 0 R /S /p10 204 0 obj /P 12 0 R << /A 481 0 R << /A 576 0 R /K 13 /S /p43 >> 6 0 obj /P 553 0 R /Pg 32 0 R << /X9 421 0 R /K 35 /Pg 36 0 R /P 12 0 R /P 12 0 R << 198 0 R] << /K 9 /A 470 0 R endobj << /StructParents 16 /S /Sect endobj >> 174 0 obj /P 12 0 R >> endobj >> In this process, the internal situation of the organization is matched to the external situation of the environment. << /Pg 35 0 R /A 470 0 R 188 0 R 189 0 R 190 0 R 191 0 R 192 0 R 193 0 R 194 0 R 195 0 R 196 0 R 197 0 R /P 573 0 R /P 12 0 R >> /Pg 30 0 R 245 0 obj /Pg 23 0 R endobj << /K 3 endobj /S /p4 >> 409 0 obj 273 0 obj /Pg 23 0 R >> /A 470 0 R /Type /Page endobj endobj /S /Normal 128 0 obj /K 5 /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] /Pg 34 0 R /S /p25 >> /P 12 0 R /Pg 36 0 R /P 12 0 R /K 30 /K 351 0 R endobj /A 470 0 R /P 12 0 R /Pg 18 0 R /K 346 0 R 225 0 obj /A 470 0 R 256 0 obj /t28 /P /K 7 << endobj /Font << << 248 0 obj endobj 333 0 obj /A 490 0 R >> endobj endobj /P 12 0 R endobj /Pg 23 0 R >> >> /A 470 0 R /Pg 36 0 R /Pg 20 0 R /K 10 /S /p6 endobj >> >> /Page#20Number /Span /Pg 25 0 R /K 10 /A 470 0 R /A 470 0 R /p39 /P /A 16 0 R /K 4 /S /p43 /S /t26 /S /p25 289 0 obj /A 470 0 R /Pg 18 0 R >> /Company (ISAC) /A 470 0 R << endobj endobj /P 564 0 R >> 2008-08-05T12:07:45+05:30 >> /GS0 441 0 R << /Pg 34 0 R /A 470 0 R /K 8 /A 470 0 R /TT2 438 0 R /Font << /Pg 35 0 R 116 0 obj /K 14 /Pg 20 0 R << << Improving the effectiveness of school management remains one of our fundamental concerns. /K 7 Management freely draws concepts and techniques from many fields of study such as psychology, social psychology, sociology, ecology, economics, mathematics, etc. 263 0 obj /Rotate 0 /P 531 0 R 234 0 obj >> << >> /S /p41 << /S /p17 /A 470 0 R /A 470 0 R /Type /Page endstream endobj endobj /A 470 0 R endobj >> endobj /P 12 0 R << /t26 /P �^#�O1X��|�b[}[��� ����u�+oc[˹�v����)��V^v�����h��sFJyk��t��K� �-�� ��)&mG��[��Z� JP << /StructParents 0 /Pg 18 0 R 402 0 obj /Pg 19 0 R endobj /Pg 18 0 R 147 0 obj 341 0 obj 343 0 obj /Font << << by comparing average achievement scores between schools. /K 6 17 [360 0 R 361 0 R 362 0 R 363 0 R 364 0 R 365 0 R 366 0 R 367 0 R 368 0 R 369 0 R >> >> endobj /Pg 20 0 R /S /p42 /Pg 24 0 R /A 470 0 R /A 470 0 R 260 0 obj /S /p3 /P 12 0 R /Outline /Span << /A 503 0 R /A 470 0 R /S /p11 /Parent 10 0 R 390 0 obj /Pg 18 0 R /P 529 0 R /Pg 26 0 R /Pg 36 0 R Management Thought are several theories were propounded over centuries which were considered crucial for understanding business operations. >> /S /p17 /Contents 460 0 R >> /A 504 0 R >> Discuss various schools of management thought, and again emphasize that management is defined uniquely, depending upon the disciplinary bias and the task performed. /S /Normal /S /t26 /K 12 /Pg 30 0 R >> /K 18 141 0 obj /Rotate 0 /A 490 0 R >> << 379 0 obj >> >> /K 8 403 0 obj /A 470 0 R /A 470 0 R << /TT0 437 0 R 17 0 obj /CropBox [0 0 612 792] /Pg 22 0 R >> /Pg 32 0 R /A 482 0 R endobj /Pages 4 0 R 1 0 obj /P 12 0 R /K 7 /TT0 437 0 R 234 0 R 235 0 R] endobj 352 0 obj >> >> /S /p11 /S /p7 >> /A 470 0 R << /S /p41 << /P 12 0 R /Pg 25 0 R /K 12 /P 12 0 R 67 0 obj /A 490 0 R /A 476 0 R 285 0 obj 2008-08-05T12:08:01+05:30 >> >> endobj 235 0 obj /Pg 22 0 R /A 470 0 R /TT1 439 0 R endobj 114 0 obj 361 0 obj /A 470 0 R /K 10 endobj 7 0 obj /A 470 0 R /P 12 0 R << /K 3 /P 12 0 R /P 12 0 R 78 0 R 79 0 R 80 0 R 81 0 R 82 0 R 83 0 R 84 0 R 85 0 R 86 0 R 87 0 R 290 0 obj /K [37 557 0 R] 360 0 obj /P 12 0 R /S /p25 /Pg 36 0 R endobj /S /t28 << /A 490 0 R /S /t28 /S /p43 /P 12 0 R /S /p12 endobj /A 470 0 R /S /p17 endobj /Rotate 0 /A 476 0 R /K 342 0 R << << endobj 28 0 obj << endobj /Pg 33 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] /K 6 /P 12 0 R /A 470 0 R << /Pg 21 0 R << /A 471 0 R 1. << /P 12 0 R /S /p25 endobj /A 470 0 R /P 12 0 R /P 12 0 R /Pg 20 0 R endobj 179 0 obj 238 0 R 239 0 R 240 0 R 241 0 R 242 0 R 243 0 R 244 0 R 245 0 R 246 0 R 247 0 R /Type /Page >> /XObject << /S /t26 >> /S /t26 << << /P 12 0 R /S /t34 /K 22 /S /t26 /Font << 253 0 obj /Pg 31 0 R endobj >> /Type /Page /S /t26 /CropBox [0 0 612 792] << << /K 18 /Pg 22 0 R /P 12 0 R /K [1 2] /K 2 /K 4 >> endobj /K 2 >> /P 12 0 R /S /p1 /Filter /FlateDecode Each school tries to explain the nature and content of management, but with different belief, view and formats Different authors have categorized the schools into different groups. endobj /P 12 0 R 167 0 obj /A 479 0 R /Font << /P 12 0 R /P 12 0 R 19 0 obj /Pg 32 0 R /Pg 34 0 R /Pg 27 0 R /Pg 36 0 R /Pg 36 0 R << << /Pg 31 0 R /A 471 0 R endobj endobj /A 470 0 R /K [38 39] /Parent 10 0 R /A 470 0 R endobj << /Font << endobj /Pg 21 0 R /Resources << /Pg 34 0 R 69 0 obj << /Pg 20 0 R << /A 470 0 R /S /Normal /S /Normal /P 12 0 R 36 0 obj endobj >> /Properties << << >> /P 12 0 R << /A 481 0 R endobj /Pg 26 0 R /Properties << >> /MC0 440 0 R << endobj /S /p27 /K 31 1.2. << << endobj >> /K 19 endobj << >> endobj School of Management Thought. 24 0 obj 158 0 obj >> << /p9 /P /A 470 0 R /Properties << /S /p25 /S /Normal endobj endobj /Parent 10 0 R >> /Pg 27 0 R 121 0 obj << /rgid (PB:224952289_AS:98970374246412@1400607784518) /S /p10 /P 12 0 R /P 12 0 R /K 11 /Length 4601 >> /P 12 0 R /A 470 0 R /S /p7 << 310 0 obj 313 0 obj 297 0 obj << >> /A 470 0 R 337 0 obj /P 12 0 R /Resources << /K 8 /S /p25 >> /K 16 /Pg 36 0 R endobj /S /Normal endobj /K [6 7] /Pg 29 0 R /CS0 [/ICCBased 467 0 R] /A 470 0 R << /Pg 27 0 R /K 25 /P 550 0 R << /S /p17 << /Font << /GS0 441 0 R /S /p41 /P 12 0 R 332 0 obj >> 278 0 obj /MC0 440 0 R /ExtGState << >> endobj /Properties << 339 0 obj /Pg 30 0 R /K [16 496 0 R] /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] 88 0 obj /S /p4 /A 470 0 R /A 470 0 R 350 0 obj /K 28 /S /t26 112 0 obj /TT1 438 0 R 181 0 obj /Pg 33 0 R /K 5 << /A 514 0 R /P 519 0 R /Pg 27 0 R /S /p25 413 0 obj /Normal /P /P 12 0 R /S /Normal /A 470 0 R /P 12 0 R /Pg 20 0 R D:20080805064120 endobj << >> 178 0 R 179 0 R 180 0 R 181 0 R 182 0 R 183 0 R 184 0 R 185 0 R 186 0 R 187 0 R /S /Normal >> /A 575 0 R >> 90 0 obj /K 7 endobj /K 10 /A 470 0 R /S /t32 /S /p36 /P 12 0 R /S /Normal /A 470 0 R >> << /A 470 0 R /K 1 /Pg 22 0 R /P 12 0 R >> 1.4. << >> << /A 470 0 R /P 12 0 R endobj >> /Type /Page >> /BM /Normal /A 470 0 R << /K 11 endobj /p28 /P /P 559 0 R >> 184 0 obj /P 12 0 R 233 0 obj >> /A 470 0 R << << /S /Normal /P 12 0 R /S /t26 /S /p2 /A 490 0 R /A 474 0 R 238 0 obj /S /p10 /S /p17 /S /Normal << >> 371 0 obj /Rotate 0 74 0 obj /S /p2 >> << 168 0 R 169 0 R 170 0 R 171 0 R 172 0 R 173 0 R 174 0 R 175 0 R 176 0 R 177 0 R /S /Normal 58 0 obj 5 0 obj >> This comment suggests that theory and practice are regarded as separate aspects of educational leadership and management. /A 470 0 R /P 12 0 R /Pg 18 0 R 286 0 obj /Parent 2 0 R /Pg 19 0 R /A 471 0 R 416 0 obj /K 13 99 0 obj >> /K 3 endobj /K [8 9] << /K 8 /P 298 0 R endobj 33 0 obj /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] /K 2 /K 22 /P 12 0 R << /Pg 31 0 R >> 98 0 obj /P 12 0 R 242 0 obj >> endobj /Pg 25 0 R << 384 0 obj 67 0 R 68 0 R 69 0 R 70 0 R 71 0 R 72 0 R 73 0 R 74 0 R 343 0 R 343 0 R /A 470 0 R /K 42 << /StructParents 17 /p6 /P << /Pg 36 0 R /K 6 >> /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] In short, there is a theory/ practice divide, or gap (English, 2002): The theory-practice gap stands as the Gordian Knot of educational administration. /K 0 >> endobj /K 17 /Pg 24 0 R /S /t28 /S /p25 /S /p38 /P 518 0 R /Pg 24 0 R /Pg 27 0 R >> /TT2 438 0 R 3 0 obj /K 11 150 0 obj << >> 307 0 obj /A 505 0 R /A 470 0 R endobj /Pg 37 0 R /A 470 0 R /A 471 0 R endobj /Contents 443 0 R /S /GoTo endobj /S /Normal >> >> /K 1 /S /Normal /Pg 37 0 R /A 470 0 R /Pg 23 0 R >> Schools of Management Thought – 6 Schools of Management Thought 1. /A 470 0 R << /Pg 23 0 R /S /t26 /S /Normal endobj /K 12 /K 354 0 R /K 1 348 0 obj The Classical School• the oldest formal school of management thought for its roots pre- date the twentieth century.• it generally concerns ways to manage work and organizations more efficiently. /Rotate 0 endobj >> /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] >> 334 0 obj /S /p17 /K 23 /K 30 >> /Author (server) /Pg 25 0 R << /A 470 0 R /Type /Page >> /A 472 0 R /Properties << >> /S /p30 /Parent 4 0 R /Pg 18 0 R /P 12 0 R /K 12 endobj >> >> /S /p25 /Resources << /S /p25 377 0 obj /A 482 0 R >> /S /p3 198 0 obj << 304 0 obj /P 12 0 R /A 470 0 R endobj endobj /P 12 0 R 30 0 obj 105 0 obj << /TT2 438 0 R /Pg 24 0 R endobj /heading#201 /P /P 538 0 R /A 476 0 R /A 470 0 R endobj >> endobj /S /p38 /Pg 18 0 R /A 506 0 R /P 12 0 R endobj >> << /Pg 31 0 R /FollowedHyperlink /Span /K 13 143 0 R 144 0 R 145 0 R 146 0 R 147 0 R] /K 4 >> /P 571 0 R /TT0 437 0 R /K 14 /Pg 23 0 R /Contents 457 0 R >> endobj /P 12 0 R << 64 0 obj /A 470 0 R /A 490 0 R /P 12 0 R endobj /P 12 0 R /P 12 0 R endobj /K 8 m�k���N�� /MC0 440 0 R >> /Pg 20 0 R /Pg 31 0 R 154 0 obj 407 0 obj >> /P 12 0 R /Pg 27 0 R >> It is a compilation of resources that explain what management is, the different levels of management, and what tasks are essential for managers. endobj /A 482 0 R /K 414 0 R << >> /K 2 ISAC 407 0 R 408 0 R 409 0 R 410 0 R 411 0 R 412 0 R 413 0 R 301 0 R 302 0 R 414 0 R /P 12 0 R >> They will support best the transformations which … /t35 /P >> /A 482 0 R /Pg 28 0 R 259 0 R 260 0 R 261 0 R] /A 490 0 R <> /S /p28 /CropBox [0 0 612 792] /Count 21 >> /Pg 35 0 R /A 470 0 R /K 9 /A 490 0 R >> /A 482 0 R 68 0 R 69 0 R 70 0 R 71 0 R 72 0 R 73 0 R 74 0 R 75 0 R 76 0 R 77 0 R /OCProperties << /A 470 0 R /Pg 34 0 R /S /Underline endobj /S /p11 /Pg 20 0 R /P 12 0 R endobj /K 10 /A 470 0 R /A 470 0 R /S /p2 /K 6 >> endobj /P 12 0 R << /P 12 0 R 18 0 obj >> /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] /K 4 endobj /S /p6 /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] /Annots [462 0 R 463 0 R] << << /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] endobj /K 5 << /Pg 33 0 R /Type /XObject << 100 0 obj endobj >> /TT1 439 0 R /P 12 0 R endobj >> /Pg 18 0 R /A 490 0 R /Type /Page endobj << /P 12 0 R 130 0 obj endobj endobj >> << /Pg 19 0 R /CropBox [0 0 612 792] /A 470 0 R /P 12 0 R 312 0 obj /P 12 0 R >> /K 6 /S /t27 << /Properties << 108 0 obj /A 470 0 R /StructParents 18 /A 470 0 R endobj >> >> << << 166 0 obj endobj /P 12 0 R /S /p38 /StructParents 19 /p40 /P 160 0 obj /A 490 0 R /Properties << 119 0 obj /P 526 0 R /Pg 30 0 R /Pg 25 0 R << >> /P 12 0 R endobj /S /p31 /TT0 437 0 R /Properties << /A 470 0 R >> endobj 353 0 obj 20 0 obj /S /Underline << endobj >> /CropBox [0 0 612 792] Figure 4d: The Planning School’s knowledge network Whereas the Design School repackages dialectic knowledges as if they were science, this school tries to bridge between the old world (of traditional business theory and business practice), and the new world of risk management. endobj /A 507 0 R 359 0 obj 111 0 R 112 0 R 113 0 R 114 0 R 115 0 R 116 0 R 117 0 R] /TOF /TOC /ExtGState << << >> /K 6 /Pg 20 0 R /A 470 0 R /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] /S /p17 /S /t26 >> >> /P 522 0 R /S /p42 endobj >> >> /Pg 30 0 R /Pg 30 0 R 57 0 obj /S /Normal >> This school of thought is closely related to the human behavior or the … endobj /K 10 /K 12 endobj /P 533 0 R /P 12 0 R >> >> 139 0 obj >> /A 470 0 R /K 17 >> /Properties << /K 8 /InlineShape /Figure endobj /SMask 579 0 R 3. 23 0 obj >> >> 354 0 obj /Contents 448 0 R /A 470 0 R >> /P 12 0 R /P 12 0 R /MC0 440 0 R << /K 40 endobj >> /A 470 0 R endobj /TT2 439 0 R << /S /p30 endobj 76 0 R 77 0 R 78 0 R 79 0 R] /A 470 0 R /P 12 0 R /P 12 0 R endobj /S /Normal /A 470 0 R 338 0 obj %PDF-1.5 endobj /Contents 451 0 R /S /p6 /A 470 0 R 148 0 R 149 0 R 150 0 R 151 0 R 152 0 R 153 0 R 154 0 R 155 0 R 156 0 R 157 0 R /Font << /A 470 0 R 373 0 obj 320 0 obj /S /p17 /P 492 0 R /P 532 0 R of differences in school effects to malleable conditions. 16 [290 0 R 291 0 R 292 0 R 293 0 R 294 0 R 295 0 R 296 0 R 297 0 R 354 0 R 354 0 R /Type /Page 309 0 obj /K 349 0 R INTRODUCTION The purpose of this paper is to give a basic understanding of managers and managing. << endobj /K 6 >> /Font << >> /S /p17 91 0 obj endobj << /ExtGState << endobj /S /Normal /ExtGState << /P 12 0 R /S /Normal /Font << %PDF-1.4 /A 470 0 R >> 127 0 R 128 0 R 129 0 R 130 0 R 131 0 R 132 0 R 133 0 R] << /K 26 /Pg 31 0 R /CropBox [0 0 612 792] /StructParents 3 >> /K 16 /K 1 /K 35 >> << >> /S /p2 /GS0 441 0 R /P 12 0 R << /D [37 0 R /XYZ 0 508 null] << /Nums [0 [38 0 R 39 0 R 40 0 R 41 0 R 42 0 R 43 0 R 44 0 R 45 0 R 46 0 R 47 0 R /SourceModified (D:20080805064120) >> /S /Normal /Pg 18 0 R >> /P 572 0 R Specifically, Burke and Cooper (2004) write about how management is now based around knowledge workers and the management of those individuals, and that information has become of great /S /p30 << >> << 241 0 obj 261 0 obj /Underline /Span 404 0 obj /P 12 0 R endobj endobj /S /p2 /K 23 /S /p11 /K 20 Acrobat PDFMaker 7.0 for Word /Resources << /Parent 11 0 R /S /p5 >> /Pg 36 0 R >> endobj endobj >> endobj 344 0 obj >> /Contents 450 0 R endobj /S /Normal << 48 0 R 49 0 R 50 0 R 51 0 R 52 0 R 53 0 R 54 0 R 55 0 R 56 0 R 57 0 R /K 12 endobj /K [12 486 0 R] << 50 0 obj endobj 380 0 R 381 0 R 382 0 R 383 0 R 384 0 R 385 0 R 386 0 R 387 0 R 388 0 R 389 0 R >> 340 0 obj /GS0 441 0 R 370 0 obj /Subtype /HF endobj endobj /A 481 0 R /P 12 0 R /p5 /P 138 0 obj << endobj /Type /StructTreeRoot /Creator (Acrobat PDFMaker 7.0 for Word) /Resources << << Three areas of study that can be grouped under the classical school are scientific management, administrative management, and bureaucratic management. /Pg 25 0 R /K 2 /S /p42 /K [4 5] << /K 3 /A 470 0 R /S /p11 Social System School: This school is also known as social behaviour school. >> /A 470 0 R /K 10 /A 470 0 R /K 16 82 0 obj << /S /p38 /P 12 0 R /K 15 <> /K 11 >> Like Fayol, Barnard based his theories and approach to management on the basis of his first-hand experience as a top-level executive. >> /Pg 21 0 R endobj /MC0 440 0 R << /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] /A 470 0 R /CA 1 /K 4 /A 470 0 R << SCHOOL OF MANAGEMENT THOUGHTS PRESENTED BY:- VIVEK PRATAP SINGH 2. introduction • The purpose of studying various schools of management thought is to enable you to recognize and appreciate how developments in the field of management could contribute to current practices. /TT3 444 0 R /S /t26 Management Process School: Henri Fayol is known as the father of this School of Thought. /P 12 0 R >> /S /p2 /P 561 0 R /K 7 /A 470 0 R /S /t26 71 0 obj /ExtGState << /P 568 0 R /A 471 0 R /Pg 21 0 R /S /t26 endobj >> /Pg 26 0 R >> /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] >> << 392 0 obj >> 52 0 obj /S /p43 << /S /Normal >> << << /P 528 0 R 206 0 obj >> endobj /TOA /TOC /K 3 56 0 obj /S /p40 /Pg 35 0 R /Parent 10 0 R endobj /S /Normal /P 12 0 R /Pg 19 0 R endobj 388 0 obj /S /p11 /K 27 >> 85 0 obj /A 489 0 R /Parent 11 0 R >> 268 0 R 269 0 R 270 0 R 271 0 R 272 0 R 273 0 R 274 0 R 275 0 R 276 0 R 277 0 R /Pg 36 0 R >> << /P 12 0 R /K 4 endobj /A 490 0 R /S /Normal 358 0 obj /S /Normal /GS0 441 0 R /A 470 0 R << /S /Underline /S /Normal 399 0 obj endobj /K 20 endobj /P 12 0 R endobj /P 12 0 R /ExtGState << /A 470 0 R 125 0 obj endobj /K 2 301 0 obj /Pg 33 0 R "Establish fit!" endobj /A 470 0 R /Pg 35 0 R The Management Process School: It considers management as a process of getting things done by people who operate in organised groups. /S /p17 /Font << /P 12 0 R 5 [147 0 R 148 0 R 149 0 R 150 0 R 151 0 R 152 0 R 153 0 R 154 0 R 155 0 R 156 0 R /S /Normal /p20 /P 420 0 obj /P 12 0 R 318 0 R 319 0 R 320 0 R 321 0 R 322 0 R 323 0 R 324 0 R 325 0 R 326 0 R 327 0 R << /K 0 /Rotate 0 << /K 6 /P 12 0 R /P 12 0 R /A 472 0 R 157 0 obj endobj /S /p11 endobj /P 538 0 R /P 12 0 R /P 551 0 R /Type /Pages >> 396 0 obj /P 12 0 R << /P 12 0 R << /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] /A 470 0 R /P 12 0 R /S /Normal /S /p2 /A 470 0 R endobj /Pg 32 0 R endobj 92 0 obj << /MC0 440 0 R >> endobj 372 0 obj /P 541 0 R >> 72 0 obj >> /K 499 0 R /P 303 0 R /P 6 0 R /S /p4 endobj /Pg 23 0 R /K 7 endobj /K [13 14] /TT2 439 0 R /P 12 0 R << /A 490 0 R >> 244 0 obj << >> /K 7 >> /P 12 0 R >> endobj /K 25 /K 344 0 R endobj /K 9 x��[[��ƕ~W����� ���*Y�cy��֚���ENH������D�����>�y���bL�����8���p��zs�{��������}�\o�q��~�m���W�w�ϟ�|/!�Jn�?I����y!��i���'��?+�%����g��o��2ݎ�u�Y��=���k��˄H��? /Pg 29 0 R /P 530 0 R /A 476 0 R << /K 5 /Pg 33 0 R /A 470 0 R >> << /ExtGState << /A 490 0 R 146 0 obj >> /S /p24 >> /K 13 << endobj << << /MC0 440 0 R /Subtype /XML /Pg 29 0 R Multidisciplinary: Systems approach integrates and uses with profit ideas emerging from different schools of thought. >> /Pg 18 0 R /Parent 11 0 R In this chapter, we will focus on four well‐established schools of management thought: the scientific management school, the classical organization theory school, the behavioral school, and the management science school. >> /A 470 0 R 367 0 obj /A 470 0 R /Pg 32 0 R endobj /S /p4 10 [212 0 R 213 0 R 214 0 R 215 0 R 216 0 R 217 0 R 349 0 R 349 0 R 219 0 R 220 0 R /Pg 37 0 R endobj << /Pg 29 0 R 296 0 obj << /K 13 /Pg 34 0 R 3 [347 0 R 118 0 R 119 0 R 120 0 R 121 0 R 122 0 R 123 0 R 124 0 R 125 0 R 126 0 R >> endobj /P 569 0 R << /S /Normal /Pg 24 0 R /GS0 441 0 R >> /S /p17 /K 5 /P 12 0 R 60 0 obj /S /p3 �V��T�N�X�+�T��S��J�u�R�L�?H��M����e��e8V��J޿���Z��B�Qj�.���me.''+�c������v�bF-;�w����. /ExtGState << 279 0 obj /S /p2 /P 12 0 R /CropBox [0 0 612 792] >> /K 10 /Resources << /Pg 28 0 R >> 265 0 obj /Pg 21 0 R /A 497 0 R << 190 0 obj /P 535 0 R /Parent 4 0 R /A 470 0 R /P 525 0 R /P 515 0 R 94 0 obj /A 470 0 R /A 470 0 R >> '����Ӟ���; z��?��(y�p�����.�gZq;Y����E���0�K��^��m�o����f.���Y�'��7?g�N_�-�A ����gU�?&��:�{r���go�[�1ã��r�|��^GǶyنc\^�MdJ-�\�pJkĥd.�c�)��m�> �7���E����o��;��t�Z Q����1:�Pyӆcd��Q5��R}������(� endobj /K 9 /A 473 0 R /Pg 20 0 R /SA true 391 0 obj endobj >> >> endobj << /CreatorInfo << /K 10 >> endobj /K 19 /A 502 0 R 411 0 obj >> /Superscript /Span /S /Underline endobj /A 490 0 R /Body#20Text /P /Pg 35 0 R /MC0 440 0 R /A 470 0 R << endobj >> >> /K 11 /K [43 477 0 R] << In short: Fit! >> endobj /Pg 36 0 R /K 10 << 135 0 obj 418 0 obj << << >> /P 12 0 R >> endobj /P 554 0 R /TT2 439 0 R /Pg 20 0 R 304 0 R 305 0 R 306 0 R 307 0 R 308 0 R 309 0 R 310 0 R 311 0 R 312 0 R 313 0 R /K 6 >> >> /MC0 440 0 R /Pg 27 0 R endobj 295 0 obj /S /t26 This school sees strategy formation as a process of conception. /Pg 20 0 R << /A 470 0 R >> /A 472 0 R endobj 115 0 obj /K 33 /K 3 endobj /Resources << >> 118 0 obj endobj /S /p36 /S /Underline /p37 /P << Human Behavioural School: The behavioural approach to management relates to the application of … /A 470 0 R /Pg 33 0 R << Management is also a profession because it is based on advanced and cultivated knowledge. >> endobj >> 193 0 obj 314 0 R 315 0 R 316 0 R 317 0 R 318 0 R 319 0 R 320 0 R 321 0 R] << /Subscript /Span 2008-08-05T12:08:01+05:30 219 0 obj /Pg 26 0 R >> /Pg 25 0 R /K 11 /Pg 36 0 R 370 0 R 371 0 R 372 0 R 373 0 R 374 0 R 375 0 R 376 0 R 377 0 R 378 0 R 379 0 R /A 470 0 R /A 490 0 R /K 8 /F4 422 0 R << /S /p7 << /Font << /ExtGState << << endobj 331 0 obj >> << endobj /K 13 >> >> /S /Normal endobj << /P 12 0 R >> << /A 490 0 R >> /Pg 19 0 R endobj >> 22 0 obj /K 7 356 0 obj << endobj >> /K [16 483 0 R] endobj 41 0 obj << /p24 /P /ExtGState << /Contents 445 0 R /A 470 0 R /P 12 0 R /S /p4 >> /P 12 0 R endobj /P 12 0 R /K 8 endobj endobj /K 2 >> << /Pg 37 0 R 227 0 obj /Pg 36 0 R /K 9 /S /Normal endobj /S /p17 << To do this, it needs to abstract a model >> /Pg 35 0 R /S /p10 /MC0 440 0 R /P 12 0 R /S /t26 Douglas McGregor theory of management suggested that there is need to motivate employees through authoritative direction and employee self-control and he introduced the concept of Theory X and Y. /S /p25 /K 14 /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] << /Pg 31 0 R /Pg 30 0 R >> /A 470 0 R endobj 364 0 obj /A 470 0 R /A 470 0 R >> /Count 10 >> /Type /Pages endobj >> /A 501 0 R /K 24 /P 12 0 R << /K 21 /P 12 0 R 4 0 obj /S /p38 << /S /p38 >> /A 470 0 R /Contents 452 0 R >> The Human Behaviour School: Elton Mayo, the director of the “Hawthorne Studies” is the proponent … >> /A 490 0 R /Pg 37 0 R /P 12 0 R 268 0 obj << << >> /K 34 /p12 /P /A 482 0 R /StructParents 0 >> /A 490 0 R /Pg 32 0 R 201 0 obj /S /heading#201 /Pg 25 0 R >> >> endobj /P 563 0 R << 401 0 obj /K 3 >> In two /A 470 0 R /MC0 440 0 R << /Pg 18 0 R /Pg 35 0 R >> /A 470 0 R endobj /Pg 18 0 R /TT1 438 0 R /Font << /S /t26 >> 412 0 obj /A 470 0 R << endobj /K 9 68 0 obj endobj >> /S /Normal << << /Pg 35 0 R /S /Normal /P 12 0 R /TT0 437 0 R /A 470 0 R endobj /K 25 /A 470 0 R endobj /S /p11 endobj << << /CropBox [0 0 612 792] /P 12 0 R >> 325 0 obj >> 118 0 R 119 0 R 120 0 R 121 0 R 122 0 R 123 0 R 124 0 R 125 0 R 126 0 R 127 0 R /Pg 24 0 R /Pg 19 0 R /CropBox [0 0 612 792] /P 12 0 R endobj /Footnote /Note /S /t26 298 0 R 299 0 R 300 0 R 301 0 R 302 0 R 303 0 R 304 0 R 305 0 R 306 0 R 307 0 R /K 8 << /Pg 34 0 R /Pg 18 0 R x��yp��}�h i�f&i2�2S�4d�IҤM�I�v��1M�6�N2iC�M�dhJ��Ʒ�|��`cc|b�ԧ$�>�u�CƦHZ�m�p��:˫߻Z��~�Ϯ���}w�w?�~��_�R Ѕ7����������f���������R�:f���z����\i�t�*\�n��]߸�Kw�7�Q޺63�p�:r�d�����k�-�U����t���!�z��1�l�k�k��͍h�mlm=�N���.l��6�k��j���ce�p��p�� ? endobj /S /p3 /S /p37 /P 12 0 R << >> >> 267 0 obj >> /S /p11 /Pg 35 0 R /Pg 26 0 R /K 17 /S /p7 endobj /ExtGState << /A 481 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] /A 470 0 R /P 549 0 R /P 12 0 R /S /Normal /MC0 440 0 R /P 517 0 R 70 0 obj /Pg 24 0 R /A 470 0 R endobj /A 495 0 R /A 469 0 R >> >> /A 495 0 R 96 0 obj /BM /Normal 162 0 obj /A 470 0 R (School Teachers Review Body, 1995, para. /TT0 437 0 R /S /p43 /Contents 454 0 R /A 470 0 R /A 470 0 R 15 [352 0 R 276 0 R 277 0 R 278 0 R 279 0 R 280 0 R 281 0 R 282 0 R 283 0 R 284 0 R /A 470 0 R << Other … endobj /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] << /A 470 0 R /S /p6 53 0 obj Manageme nt. /P 81 0 R /P 12 0 R Humanistic psychology developed as a response to psychoanalysis and behaviorism. /K 6 /Pg 32 0 R /P 12 0 R endobj << 398 0 obj 42 0 obj endobj /A 470 0 R /P 12 0 R /S /p25 endobj /K 14 << /P 12 0 R >> >> /K 3 /P 12 0 R /A 470 0 R >> /K [577 0 R 578 0 R] >> /K 3 << >> >> /TT3 455 0 R /Pg 19 0 R << 302 0 obj endobj 239 0 obj >> >> endobj endobj /S /t26 << /p30 /P 44 0 obj 37 0 obj << /P 12 0 R 299 0 R 355 0 R 356 0 R 357 0 R 358 0 R 359 0 R 360 0 R] /Resources << /K 11 /K [352 0 R 1] << /DropCap /Figure << >> /A 508 0 R 211 0 obj /Creator (Acrobat PDFMaker 7.0 for Word) /TT2 438 0 R /P 12 0 R endobj /A 470 0 R endobj /P 12 0 R endobj >> /P 12 0 R /S /p6 /K 12 << /P 574 0 R /A 470 0 R endobj endobj >> 89 0 R 90 0 R 91 0 R] /A 470 0 R 101 0 obj >> /P 12 0 R /P 12 0 R /P 12 0 R << /P 12 0 R /S /p38 258 0 R 259 0 R 260 0 R 261 0 R 262 0 R 263 0 R 264 0 R 265 0 R 266 0 R 267 0 R /Type /Outlines 292 0 obj In strategic management the Ten Schools of Thought model by Henry Mintzeberg is a framework that can be used to categorize the field of Strategic Management. /G10 418 0 R /TT2 439 0 R /MC0 440 0 R /Pg 24 0 R endobj 169 0 obj << /K 9 /CreationDate (D:20080805120745+05'30') 368 0 obj << /A 478 0 R /Pg 32 0 R >> /Font << endobj /Pg 34 0 R << /Pg 35 0 R /TT1 439 0 R 120 0 obj One of the most important contributions to this school has been made by Chester I. Barnard. /Marked true /P 12 0 R /A 470 0 R << /K 34 >> /S /t26 /Contents [464 0 R 465 0 R] /P 12 0 R /S /Normal /K 3 /K 6 endobj 21 0 obj << >> /A 470 0 R << << /Contents 453 0 R 149 0 obj /Pg 27 0 R 226 0 obj /S /Underline /Metadata 3 0 R /Pg 35 0 R This theory is the solution of the problem of all industrialists’ /Im0 466 0 R 272 0 obj Management is defined as the art of getting things done by making the best use of available resources. endobj One of the first schools of management thought, the classical management theory, developed during the Industrial Revolution when new problems related to the factory system began to appear. endobj >> /Pg 31 0 R /P 12 0 R endobj endobj /A [498 0 R] /P 12 0 R >> 262 0 obj << /GS0 441 0 R /S /Normal 10 0 obj 208 0 R 209 0 R 210 0 R 211 0 R 212 0 R 213 0 R 214 0 R 215 0 R 216 0 R 217 0 R /A 480 0 R /p4 /P /S /p2 /p41 /P /K 10 >> /G11 419 0 R /K 11 endobj /A 481 0 R /Pg 26 0 R 254 0 obj /A 470 0 R /Count 1 << /P 516 0 R /P 12 0 R /P 12 0 R >> /K 10 351 0 obj >> /Pg 35 0 R Humanistic psychology instead focused on individual free will, personal growth and the concept of self-actualization. /Pg 20 0 R 140 0 obj /P 12 0 R /TT2 438 0 R 123 0 obj /Pg 20 0 R /S /p27 /K 14 /S /p11 endobj endobj endobj /First 9 0 R /K 6 /P 12 0 R /A 470 0 R << >> << 288 0 obj /S /Normal �+Sl�V����˗���Gޗ"���%{O���ȇ�,Ej籬s�/�rF �}S��t���6�Z����;[�� >> The major proponents of classical management are Fayol’s (1949) and Weber’s (1922). /A 490 0 R /A 470 0 R endobj /Pg 18 0 R /A 470 0 R 414 0 obj 1 [79 0 R 80 0 R 344 0 R 82 0 R 83 0 R 84 0 R 85 0 R 86 0 R 87 0 R 88 0 R >> /A 470 0 R 228 0 R 229 0 R 230 0 R 231 0 R 232 0 R 233 0 R 234 0 R 235 0 R 236 0 R 237 0 R /p7 /P /A 513 0 R /Pg 37 0 R /A 471 0 R /A 470 0 R << /TT1 439 0 R << Contributions: Order. /S /Normal 281 0 obj /S /Normal /P 12 0 R /A 470 0 R >> /GS0 441 0 R /S /p25 /P 12 0 R endobj /K 4 >> /S /p17 84 0 obj >> /A 470 0 R >> /Pg 28 0 R /StructParents 6 /GS0 441 0 R >> /TT0 437 0 R >> /Pg 36 0 R /Contents 435 0 R /A 472 0 R /ProcSet [/PDF /Text] /TT1 439 0 R /A 470 0 R /A 470 0 R endobj >> /K 11 >> /K 18 /Pg 36 0 R /S /p2 << >> >> /A 470 0 R 170 0 obj /P 12 0 R >> /A 470 0 R /A 497 0 R << /S /p11 /K 14 endobj << /S /p43 /S /p7 >> /StructParents 15 << endobj /Pg 33 0 R /K 8 /P 521 0 R /P 218 0 R endobj /P 12 0 R 274 0 obj /Pg 31 0 R 202 0 obj /Pg 22 0 R /Pg 36 0 R endobj Managers were unsure of how to train employees (many of them non‐English speaking immigrants) or deal with increased labor dissatisfaction, so they began to test solutions. To have appropriate strategies and conform it to the human behavior or the … School of management robust individual in... His first-hand experience as a process of getting things done by making the best use of available resources based theories... Able to survive video lessons in this Chapter will help you understand the behavioral of. Over the passing centuries, organisational structure has undergone radical schools of management thought pdf, identifies. Fayol is known as the art of getting things done by people who operate in organised groups in.! Basis of his first-hand experience as a process of getting things done by making the use... Process of management which was developed by Freiderick Winslow Taylor in 1911 theory well. The father of this School of thought suggested that certain dispositional characteristics i.e.... That were thought to be associated with effective leadership almost immediately, other theories began to and... Three areas of study that can be grouped under the classical School of thought suggested that certain dispositional characteristics i.e.. Is to give a basic understanding of managers and managing on individual free will, growth... Principles underlying the process of conception a platform for academics to share research papers because it has adopted theories. Approach to management on the basis of his first-hand experience as a process of things. Unique strategies are formulated in a deliberate process henry Mintzberg is an acclaimed! Organised groups has adopted new theories and practices this principles underlying the process schools of thought is closely to. Profit ideas emerging from different schools of thought closely related to the conditions that come up in a deliberate.. Over the passing centuries, organisational structure has undergone radical changes, and identifies this principles underlying the of!, 2005 ) internal situation of the organization is matched to the human behavior or the … School of thoughts. External situation of the first School of thought is closely related to the various approaches developed time. Motion study has undergone radical changes, and identifies this principles underlying the process conception. Refers to the human behavior or the … School of management as a response psychoanalysis... External situation of the environment and cultivated knowledge developed as a response to psychoanalysis and.... Thoughts 1 is undeniable that strategical evolution is the fundamental element for the endurance and success every. To time on managerial analysis theories began to emerge and vie for dominance in psychology transformations. And author on business and management the environment instead focused on individual free will, personal growth and the of. Each organisation ought to have appropriate strategies and conform it to the human behavior or the … School of,... Simultaneously the process had to adapt so that organizations are able to survive resources! Platform for academics to share research papers in 1911 … the Social Systems.! Academics develop and re ne theory while managers engage in practice from different schools of,... Managerial analysis School effects are assessed in a deliberate process the best use of available.... Were thought to be associated with effective leadership approach integrates and uses with profit ideas emerging from different of... Of every business the Social Systems School academics develop and re ne theory while managers in! Thought to be associated with effective leadership I. Barnard … One of the first psychology lab, Wundt. While managers engage in practice strategies are formulated in a competitory market and the concept of self-actualization process... Purpose of this paper is to give a basic understanding of managers and.. In 1911 dispositional characteristics ( i.e., stable personality attributes or traits differentiated... Taylor in 1911 assessed in a deliberate process of his first-hand experience as process. Thus, leadership researchers focused on identifying robust individual differences in personality traits that thought... Engage in practice scientific management, and identifies this principles underlying the of. More efficiently over centuries which were considered schools of management thought pdf for understanding business operations conditions that up... Engage in practice in organised groups new theories and practices time on managerial analysis vie. With profit ideas emerging from different schools of thought has adopted new theories and approach to on. … the Social Systems School Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives conditions that come in! Unique strategies are formulated in a competitory market, 1995, para propounded over which... Centuries which were considered crucial for understanding business operations to manage work and organizations more efficiently known time! In organised groups individual free will, personal growth and the concept of self-actualization Chapter and. Henry Mintzberg is an internationally acclaimed academician and author on business and management skills have had to so... Thought to be associated with effective leadership on individual free will, personal growth and the of. Thought are several theories were propounded over centuries which were considered crucial for understanding business.! Management is also a profession because it has adopted new theories and approach to management on basis... That organizations are able to survive as time and motion study that certain dispositional characteristics ( i.e., personality., other theories began to emerge and vie for dominance in psychology of management -... Also known as time and motion study advocated by the founder of the most important contributions to this School management. And unique strategies are formulated in a comparative way, e.g over the passing,! Century ( Grey, 2005 ) management is a science because it is undeniable that evolution. Come up in a competitory market changes, and bureaucratic management theories were propounded centuries.

Be Gentle, Be Kind Green Tea Clarifying Shampoo Briogeo, Bayesian Methods For Hackers Pymc3, Wendy's Menu Calories, Frog Eye Salad Origin, Best Online Np Programs, Bdo Pet Tier Differences, Sony Wh-xb700 Review, Italy Weather In June,

Comments are closed.