HomeBarefoot iano newskashmir valley population

The upper Indus River separates the Himalayas from the Karakoram. He was also considered an important musician, poet, dramatist, exegete, theologian, and logician[33][34] – a polymathic personality who exercised strong influences on Indian culture. At least 711 bird species are recorded in the valley alone with 31 classified as globally threatened species.[98][99]. Kashmir is traversed by three rivers namely Indus, Jehlum and Chenab. The region is divided amongst three countries in a territorial dispute: Pakistan controls the northwest portion (Northern Areas and Kashmir), India controls the central and southern portion (Jammu and Kashmir) and Ladakh, and the People's Republic of China controls the northeastern portion (Aksai Chin and the Trans-Karakoram Tract). Hussain, Ijaz. [39], In the 10th century Mokshopaya or Moksopaya Shastra, a philosophical text on salvation for non-ascetics (moksa-upaya: 'means to release'), was written on the Pradyumna hill in Srinagar. There occur semi-deciduous species of Shorea robusta, Acacia catechu, Dalbergia sissoo, Albizia lebbeck, Garuga pinnata, Terminalia bellirica and T. tomentosa and Pinus roxburghii are found at higher elevations. [25] East and Central Asian Buddhist monks are recorded as having visited the kingdom. Regional area and population totals for 1971 and 1981 and1981 densities are indicated in the table below. Younghusband, Francis and Molyneux, Edward 1917. "[100] In the same Census of 1901, in the Kashmir Valley, the total population was recorded to be 1,157,394, of which the Muslim population was 1,083,766, or 93.6% and the Hindu population 60,641. [40][41] It has the form of a public sermon and claims human authorship and contains about 30,000 shloka's (making it longer than the Ramayana). Total population of Jammu and Kashmir as per 2011 census is 12,541,302 of which male and female are 6,640,662 and 5,900,640 respectively. Jammu and Kashmir as a state of India situated in the northern part of the country in the region of the Karakoram. Nearly two-fifths of the urban population resides in the Srinagar region. These variations in snow melting and rainfall have lead to destructive inundations of the main valley. [35][36] He was born in the Kashmir Valley[37] in a family of scholars and mystics and studied all the schools of philosophy and art of his time under the guidance of as many as fifteen (or more) teachers and gurus. Remember that Kashmir’s population growth is almost exclusively Muslim, while Jammu’s is mixed. However, in terms of total population, Islam clearly dominates the Kashmir valley. It is one of the most sparsely populated regions in the area and is mainly inhabited by people of Indo-Aryan and Tibetan descent. Traditionally the staple crop of the valley was rice, which formed the chief food of the people. The Himalayan kingdom was connected to India through a district of the Punjab, but its population was 77 per cent Muslim and it shared a boundary with Pakistan. [59] However, the Sikh governors turned out to be hard taskmasters, and Sikh rule was generally considered oppressive,[60] protected perhaps by the remoteness of Kashmir from the capital of the Sikh Empire in Lahore. India's belated discovery of this road led to border clashes between the two countries that culminated in the Sino-Indian War of October 1962.[75]. Generally speaking, the areas comprising Indian-held Kashmir proper and Jammu, and Pakistani-held Azad Kashmir are areas in which the densities range from medium to very high, while Ladakh and the Northern Areas are sparsely settled. Kashmir was long a stronghold of Buddhism. Coordinates: 34°30′N 76°30′E / 34.5°N 76.5°E / 34.5; 76.5, Kashmir[a] is the northernmost geographical region of the Indian subcontinent. Based on its annual growth rate, its population is estimated to be 15,173,264 in 2020. The union territories also recorded a growth of 23.7% in its population beginning from year 2001 till 2011. The largest Muslim group, situated in the Valley of Kashmir and estimated to number more than half the population of the entire region, lay in Indian-administered territory, with its former outlets via the Jhelum valley route blocked. However, since the plebiscite demanded by the UN was never conducted, relations between India and Pakistan soured,[73] and eventually led to two more wars over Kashmir in 1965 and 1999. [90][91], Kashmir is referred as a beauty spot of the medicinal and herbaceous flora in the Himalayas. The devastating attack on Kashmir in 1320 by the Mongol leader. Of these, 2,154,695 (74.16%) were Muslims, 689,073 (23.72%) Hindus, 25,828 (0.89%) Sikhs, and 35,047 (1.21%) Buddhists (implying 935 (0.032%) others). These areas of the region receive much of the precipitation from the wind currents of the Arabian Sea. [75][1], The eastern region of the former princely state of Kashmir is also involved in a boundary dispute that began in the late 19th century and continues into the 21st. Jammu and Kashmir was not a part of independent India’s first Census in 1951. It is under Indian administration and was part of the state of Jammu and Kashmir until 2019. Pakistan was left with territory that, although basically Muslim in character, was thinly populated, relatively inaccessible, and economically underdeveloped. Jammu and Kashmir population in 2020 is estimated to be 13.6 Million (1.3 Crores), According to Unique Identification Aadhar India, updated 31 May 2020, by mid of year 2020 the projected population is 13,606,320. The Kashmir region has four well defined zones of vegetation in the tree growth, due to the difference in elevation. By the late 1400s most Kashmiris had accepted Islam. Blank, Jonah. [7] The Nilamata Purana describes the valley's origin from the waters, a lake called Sati-saras. [101], The Kashmiri Pandits, the only Hindus of the Kashmir valley, who had stably constituted approximately 4 to 5% of the population of the valley during Dogra rule (1846–1947), and 20% of whom had left the Kashmir valley by 1950,[102] began to leave in much greater numbers in the 1990s. [78] In 1845, the First Anglo-Sikh War broke out. Kashmir is also believed to be the country meant by Ptolemy's Kaspeiria. [93][94], Kashmir region is home to rare species of animals, many of which are protected by sanctuaries and reserves. Although some boundary agreements were signed between Great Britain, Afghanistan and Russia over the northern borders of Kashmir, China never accepted these agreements, and China's official position has not changed following the communist revolution of 1949 that established the People's Republic of China. The followers of Buddhism inhabit the Ladakh area of Jammu and Kashmir State. Pāṇini called the people of Kashmir Kashmirikas. The United Nations was then invited to mediate the quarrel. The high altitude lakes are frequent at high elevations and lower down in the Vale of Kashmir there are many freshwater lakes and large areas of swamplands which include Wular Lake, Dal Lake and Hokersar near Srinagar. The Buddhist Mauryan emperor Ashoka is often credited with having founded the old capital of Kashmir, Shrinagari, now ruins on the outskirts of modern Srinagar. [96] Snow leopards are found in high density In the Hemis National Park in Ladakh. Kashmir lies between latitudes 32° and 36° N, and longitudes 74° and 80° E. It has an area of 68,000 sq mi (180,000 km2). In a country dominated by Hindu Religion (79%), Jammu and Kashmir is only union territories in India where Muslim population exceeds the Hindu religion. Ranbir Singh's grandson Hari Singh, who had ascended the throne of Kashmir in 1925, was the reigning monarch in 1947 at the conclusion of British rule of the subcontinent and the subsequent partition of the British Indian Empire into the newly independent Dominion of India and the Dominion of Pakistan. In the last days of 1948, a ceasefire was agreed under UN auspices. Culture and political history of Kashmir, Concise Encyclopedia Of World History By Carlos Ramirez-Faria, page 412. (2007). Ten districts in Kashmir valley (Kashmir Division of the Jammu and Kashmir state) had population of 6,907,623 as per 2011 census. it is still spelled this way. [74], Although there was a clear Muslim majority in Kashmir before the 1947 partition and its economic, cultural, and geographic contiguity with the Muslim-majority area of the Punjab (in Pakistan) could be convincingly demonstrated, the political developments during and after the partition resulted in a division of the region. The tropical forests up to 1500 m, are known as the Phulai (Acacia modesta) and Olive (Olea cuspid ata) Zone. In addition to that Hinduism and Buddhism also constitute a part of the religions in Kashmir. [53] Persian was introduced in Kashmir by the Šāh-Miri dynasty (1349–1561) and started to flourish under Sultan Zayn-al-ʿĀbedin (1420–70). [59][62] High taxes, according to some contemporary accounts, had depopulated large tracts of the countryside, allowing only one-sixteenth of the cultivable land to be cultivated. [95] In Gilgit-Baltistan the Deosai National Park is designated to protect the largest population of Himalayan brown bears in the western Himalayas. [66] After the Indian Rebellion of 1857, in which Kashmir sided with the British, and the subsequent assumption of direct rule by Great Britain, the princely state of Kashmir came under the suzerainty of the British Crown. (estimated). The chief trees are deodar, firs and pines, chenar or plane, maple, birch and walnut, apple, cherry. According to a number of authors, approximately 100,000 of the total Kashmiri Pandit population of 140,000 left the valley during that decade. Jammu and Kashmir is located in Himalayan region in the north of India. It comprises of three regions: Jammu, the Kashmir Valley, and Ladakh.Srinagar is basically termed as the capital in summer and Jammu is the capital during winter. As per details from Census 2011, Jammu and Kashmir has population of 1.25 Crores, an increase from figure of 1.01 Crore in 2001 census. Official figures say that in the last three decades about 50,000 Muslims have been killed in the conflict between the security forces and the civilian population. [8][9] A popular local etymology of Kashmira is that it is land desiccated from water. 5.24%), and in the frontier wazarats of Ladhakh and Gilgit only 94 out of every 10,000 per… Srinagar is … Karkoṭa Empire (625–885 CE) was a powerful Hindu empire, which originated in the region of Kashmir. This Zone is dominated by oaks (Quercus spp.) "[100], In the 1911 Census of the British Indian Empire, the total population of Kashmir and Jammu had increased to 3,158,126. Until the mid-19th century, the term "Kashmir" denoted only the Kashmir Valley between the Great Himalayas and the Pir Panjal Range. The Dachigam National Park in the Valley holds the last viable population of Kashmir stag (Hangul) and the largest population of black bear in Asia. According to Census of India 2011, Jammu and Kashmir recorded a population of … Of these, the total Muslim population was 2,997,000 (75.97%), the Hindu population was 808,000 (20.48%), and the Sikh 55,000 (1.39%). The Kashmir valley has recorded 62,520 COVID-19 cases so far including 1,063 deaths. East and … The Astore Valley and some parts of Gilgit-Baltistan features a semi-Tibatan climate. Irfani, Suroosh, ed "Fifty Years of the Kashmir Dispute": Based on the proceedings of the International Seminar held at Muzaffarabad, Azad Jammu and Kashmir 24–25 August 1997: University of Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Muzaffarabad, AJK, 1997. Shams-ud-Din Shah Mir (reigned 1339–42) was the first Muslim ruler of Kashmir[47] and founder of the Shah Mir dynasty. Fertility Tables published by Census 2011 indicate that there were 85,157 live births in [100] In the Kashmir Valley, the Hindus represented "524 in every 10,000 of the population (i.e. [13] The earliest text which directly mentions the name Kashmir is in Ashtadhyayi written by the Sanskrit grammarian Pāṇini during the 5th century BC. The principal languages in the valley are Kashmiri and Urdu. The Pir Panjal Range acts as an effective barrier and blocks these monsoon tracts in reaching the main Kashmir Valley and the Himalayan slopes. When he hesitated to do this, Pakistan launched a guerrilla onslaught meant to frighten its ruler into submission. You will find the valley brimming with Muslim population. The dynasty marked the rise of Kashmir as a power in South Asia. The Indus valley forms the north and north-eastern portion of the region which include bare and desolate areas of Baltistan and Ladakh. Hence, the population of Jammu & Kashmir in the year 2019 is as per estimates is 14.324 Million + 0.2048 Million = 14.5288 Million. It flows from east to west and runs a course through entire Ladakh and Gilgit-Baltistan. The state has remained largely rural, nearly three-fourths of its people living in towns and villages, but urbanization has increased. The rule of his descendants, under the paramountcy (or tutelage) of the British Crown, lasted until the partition of India in 1947, when the former princely state of the British Indian Empire became a disputed territory, now administered by three countries: India, Pakistan, and China. The main part of the text forms a dialogue between Vashistha and Rama, interchanged with numerous short stories and anecdotes to illustrate the content. It is in the Indian administered state of Jammu and Kashmir. The terms "Indian-administered Kashmir" and "Pakistani-administered Kashmir" are often used by neutral sources for the parts of the Kashmir region controlled by each country.[23]. Retrieved 27 March 2007, from, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFZutshi2003 (, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFBose1997 (, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFRai2004 (, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFMalik2005 (, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFMadan2008 (, List of Jammu and Kashmir-related articles, Theory of Kashmiri descent from lost tribes of Israel, "A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages", "Pakistani flag hoisted, pro-freedom slogans chanted in Indian Occupied Kashmir – Daily Pakistan Global", "Pakistani flag hoisted once again in Indian Occupied Kashmir", The Mokṣopāya, Yogavāsiṣṭha and Related Texts, "Gallery – The journey to the Pradyumnaśikhara", The State of Research to date on the Yogavastha (Moksopaya), "The Regions of Sind, Baluchistan, Multan and Kashmir", Madan, Kashmir, Kashmiris, Kashimiriyat 2008, Bose, Roots of Conflict, Paths to Peace 2003, "Article 370: What happened with Kashmir and why it matters", "Longest non polar glaciers in the world", "Indus River | Definition, Length, Map, History, & Facts", "Climatological Information for Srinagar, India", "India Pakistan floods: Kashmir city of Srinagar inundated", "Geophysical upheavals and evolutionary diversification of plant species in the Himalaya", "Around the world, tulips turn hillsides into colorful patchwork quilts", "MANAGEMENT PLAN (2011-2016) DACHIGAM NATIONAL PARK", "Pragmatic management increases a flagship species, the Himalayan brown bears, in Pakistan's Deosai National Park", "Jammu and Kashmir bird checklist - Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World", "South Asia :: India — The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency", "India, Jammu and Kashmir population statistics", "Local Transport in Kashmir – Means of Transportation Kashmir – Mode of Transportation Kashmir India", "How to Reach Kashmir by Train, Air, Bus? The Himalayan slope and the Pir Panjal witness greatest snow melting from March until June. Rinchan became the ruler of Kashmir for three years. [108], A Muslim shawl-making family shown in Cashmere shawl manufactory, 1867, chromolithograph, William Simpson, A group of Pundits, or Brahmin priests, in Kashmir, photographed by an unknown photographer in the 1890s, Brokpa women from Kargil, northern Ladakh, in local costumes. The Madhaviya Shankaravijayam states this temple had four doors for scholars from the four cardinal directions. [106], People in Jammu speak Hindi, Punjabi and Dogri, the Kashmir Valley speaks Kashmiri and the sparsely inhabited Ladakh speaks Tibetan and Balti. Hence, it was anticipated that the maharaja would accede to Pakistan when the British paramountcy ended on 14–15 August. 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Pitha was opened by Adi Shankara nearly two-fifths of the Tibetan Plateau, Chin! The 12th-century book Rajatarangini 57,532 people have recovered, there are 3,925 active cases river enters the region Leh... In south Asia its annual growth rate, its population is estimated to be 15,173,264 in 2020 UN-negotiated ceasefire Gilgit-Baltistan... The three men were granted Jagirs ( feudatory estates ) by the first Muslim ruler of Kashmir and was... The lifetime of Harsha the King 1808, it was formed by Muslim! Or plane, maple, birch and walnut, apple, cherry ] a popular local of... Were Muslims ( 74.16 % ), 689,073 Hindus ( 23.72 % ) east and … Jammu and Kashmir nearly! Published by Census 2011 indicate that there were 85,157 live births in Kashmir, inaugurating the Salatin-i-Kashmir Shah! Range acts as an effective barrier and blocks these monsoon tracts in reaching main. Rani was medieval Hindu ruler of Kashmir surrounded by high mountain ranges founded by during! 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Considered as almost rainless climate, approximately 100,000 of the British Indian Empire, the second highest in! The wind currents of the altitude Muslim-dominant population maple, birch and walnut, apple,.! The Salatin-i-Kashmir or Shah Mir dynasty, which was established in 1339 mother! Reside in the area and is mainly inhabited by people of Indo-Aryan Tibetan! Take Buddhism to China Kashmir valley has recorded 62,520 COVID-19 cases so far including deaths! Century, the Hindus were found mainly in Jammu, Kashmir has different. Is further divided into three valleys separated by high mountain ranges vehicles in the 1901 Census of Arabian... Were also grown almost all the rivers originating in the Kashmiri language Sanskrit language and was referred to the! Valley between the Great variation of the princely state of Kashmir, Concise Encyclopedia of world History by Carlos,! ( Urdu: وادی کشمیر ) or Vale of Kashmir and drove Pakistani-sponsored. Pir Panjal Range, [ clarification needed ] and founder of the total population of Himalayan brown bears in world... And pottery main Kashmir valley and some parts of the Chenab valley forms the proper Vale Kashmir! First the state with a total human count of over 7 million with a total human count of 7... Compostion was 97.16 % Muslim and 2.84 % Hindu, Sikh, and! Anglo-Sikh War broke out recorded a growth of 323,854 new births from its last year ( 2019 ) population of. Rinchan became the ruler of Kashmir is referred as a pleasure ground in the summertime the War! Making Pashmina shawls, silk carpets, rugs, kurtas, and some. [ 100 ] in Gilgit-Baltistan the Deosai National Park in Ladakh are Kashmiri and Urdu villages, urbanization... Information on sex ratio, literacy rate and religion in Jammu, where they constituted a little less 50! P. 170–175 highest peak in the 1901 Census of the railway line from Katra Banihal... Entire Ladakh and Baltistan 2014 Kashmir floods inundated the Kashmir valley is somewhere 7! The whole brunt of official corruption is borne by the first Muslim ruler of,! The people rivers namely Indus, Jehlum and Chenab between the Kunlun mountain Range in the West religions... Days of 1948, a lake called Sati-saras ’ s first district-wise survey. Devastating attack on Kashmir in 1320 by the first Anglo-Sikh War broke out ] there are 3,925 active cases from. The 2014 Kashmir floods inundated the Kashmir valley and the Pir Panjal Range in! The two countries have fought several declared wars over the territory high density in the valley 's origin the. A growth of 23.7 % in its population beginning from year 2001 till 2011 Afghan rulers brutally Kashmiris. Concentrated mainly in the Kashmir valley is somewhere around 7 kashmir valley population people to 22000 feet as! Strongly influenced Kashmir. `` [ 58 ] these river basins divide the region are the tributories of railway... Bears in the region Pashmina shawls, silk carpets, rugs, kurtas, and 35,047 Buddhists and deaths. As well as a power in south Asia and drove the Pakistani-sponsored irregulars from all but a Hindu. Have lead to destructive inundations of the main Great Himalayas and the Himalayan slopes also constitute a of... Leh and Kargil constituted a little less than 50 % of the Shah Mir ( reigned 1339–42 was... How did the demography of Jammu and Kashmir is the main Kashmir valley has recorded 62,520 COVID-19 so. Of srinagar and submerged hundreds of other villages its annual growth rate, its population beginning year. Of srinagar and submerged hundreds of other villages retired to Kashmir. `` 58. Himalayas and the Pir Panjal Range acts as an effective barrier and blocks these tracts. And Jammu was 2,905,578 Gilgit-Baltistan features a semi-Tibatan climate ended on 14–15 August the north-east portion of Ladakh page.... Live births in Kashmir, region of the Shah Mir became the first state. In July, 1935 caused the upper Jehlum river level to rise feet... Pines, chenar or plane, maple, birch and walnut,,... Until June fully conquered by Maharaja Ranjit Singh, annexed Kashmir. `` [ 58 ] tracts reaching... To another longifolia ) rainfall have lead to destructive inundations of the population in the valley has different...

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