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Monclova (148 miles) connects with a longer line running to the west, and Paredon (228 miles) is the junction for lines west to Torreon and east and south to Monterrey and Tampico. N de M (Ferrocarriles Nacionales de México) or "National Railways of Mexico" (or simply Mexican Railways), was a governmentally-owned Mexican Class 1 Railroad (or major railroad) in Mexico which existed from 1909 to 1998. Escalon (419 miles) is a junction for a line going north-east to a mining area. The Mexican railways were nationalized in 1937 by then-president Lázaro Cárdenas, a year before the expropriation of the oil industry, and run by the state for the next six decades. WITH THE LOCATION OF DEPOTS, AND VARIOUS TOWNS ALONG THE LINE. The narrow gauge line had numerous gradients at 1 in 50 or steeper. It has railway connexions with Monterrey in the east, and with the Gulf port of Tampico. Noted as one of Victor's favorite pictures. This line is the western gateway to Mexico. RAILROAD COMPANY. Going south through country which was once the haunt of Apache raiders and smugglers, and passing (114 miles) the station of Moctezuma (Montezuma), the line reaches the first town of any size - Chihuahua (4,633 ft) at the 227th mile. From here the trains go over the metals of the National lines to Trapuato, Queretaro and the capital. There is a fine monument to him at Chihuahua as “the father of Mexican Independence”. After leaving the city of Monterrey the line begins to. There is one through train daily in either direction, the journey time being about twelve hours. The great firm of Pearson did much to develop modern Mexico, and built the railway and the port of Salina Cruz. It was built to standard (1435mm) gauge, which was also used for most subsequent railway development in the country. Free shipping for many products! 10000-10099. climb up to the great plateau. 8000-8999. Can you be the first to build the best rail system south of the border and control the Railways of Mexico? On the south-east side is the San Lazaro Station, the terminus of the Inter-oceanic Railway, arid to the west of this station is the San Rafael and Atlixco terminus of the National lines which lead south. trading between countries is booming, and Mexico is ready to develop its rail system for transportation of goods to the USA. Mineral-ore wagons are a feature of railway traffic in this neighbourhood. Piedras Negras is 273 miles from Saltillo and 841 miles from Mexico City. A National line famous tor scenery is that from Mexico City south through Cuernavaca to Balsas, a distance of 182 miles. 9000-9999. Beyond Durango, a line, part of which is in operation, is creeping towards the port of Mazatlan, on the Pacific coast. In recent years the railway tourist traffic has developed with the co-operation of American railway companies. 2-8-0 ENGINE operating on the lines of the National Railways of Mexico. The great haciendas - the estates and farm buildings - were a feature of this district, one of them having no fewer than 20,000 peons (labourers) attached to it in the old days. The engineers had great difficulty with washouts and landslides in this section in the early days of the line. A V-shaped line runs in the opposite direction, with the town of Durango (158 miles; 6,207 ft) as the base. 1-999 9/25/20. Incorporated in London in September 1864 as the Imperial Mexican Railway ( Ferrocarril Imperial Mexicano ) to complete an earlier project, it was renamed in July 1867 [1] after the Second French Empire withdrew from Mexico . The distance by rail across the isthmus is 188 miles. Before he died Maximilian asked the firing squad to shoot him in the body so that when his remains were sent to Austria his mother might see his undisfigured face. 4. Empalme Escobedo (609 miles) is an important junction, and the line here turns to the east. In the year 1933-34 the goods engines of the National Railways hauled over nine million tons of freight. It is said that the shortage of men is the result of the civil wars, Pearson is the British name given to the last station before Salina Cruz. Nacionales de Mexico No. Photograph by Victor Hand, Hand-NdeM-01-52.JPG. The railway builders were unable to avoid a gradient of 1 in 33 to reach Cima (9,895 ft), and a similar gradient for the descent, the summit being thirty-eight miles from the capital. The gradient is stiff to Carneros (259 miles), the line reaching the top of the plateau at an altitude of 7,300 ft. Section, and a daily service of through Pullman cars is run from St. Louis over the Missouri Pacific Lines to Laredo and down to Mexico City, the 803 miles in Mexico taking about thirty hours. It lies west of Tampico, with which it is connected by a line which crosses the other trunk line to the capital at San Luis Potosi, 140 miles away, and then continues for a further 276 miles to Tampico. The front end has eight sections of sixteen Pullman seats which are converted into sleeping berths at night. IN “LITTLE HELL” GORGE, or Infiernillo Canyon, on the line of the Mexican Railway between Vera Cruz and Esperanza. It became also a link between Mexico and the republic of Guatemala. THE PRINCIPAL RAILWAYS OF MEXICO are shown on this map. Diesel Locomotives. Mexico’s railways now carry more freight than any railway in the European Union apart from Germany, and more than those of France, Spain, Italy and Austria combined, and as much general freight as Brazil. Don's Rail Photos. There is a train in either direction daily, the time taken being about eight hours. A viaduct was one solution, but it was found that an embankment would be better. 3026 and no. This route, opened in 1927, has attracted traffic from California. Tapachula, 261 miles from San Geronimo, lies at the base of the volcano of Taconah, which is 11,970 ft high; at Mile 286 the border is reached at Suchiate, on the river of that name. The rail journey from the harbour to Mexico City via Esperanza is a continuous panorama of fine scenery. The line thus gains the valley, entering the city and ending at Coloma Station, 7,349 ft above sea-level. This meant more trouble with the Indians, who were always trying to desert. It is said that the early Spaniards who mined silver here were so careless that it would now pay to knock down some of the old buildings in the town and extract the silver from the walls. The summit of the line lies 8,320 ft. above sea-level. From Irapuato onwards the network of lines is close. There are also many smaller companies, owning important local systems. The worst part of the climb is packed into the last nine miles from Pimienta (779 miles), which require twenty-five minutes before the train steams into Zacatecas, on top of the hill, enabling the passenger to look down over the city. Puerto Mexico was formerly known as Coatzacoalcos, but the name was changed in honour of the occasion. The name is in honour of the Briton who is remembered in Great Britain as the first Lord Cowdray. In 1907 President Diaz and a large party went to Salina Cruz, where the President set in motion a steam winch which lifted the first piece of cargo from a ship into a goods wagon. An extension of this line runs from Laredo on the Texan side of the Rio Grande, to the port of Corpus Christi. The Buena Vista Station is the terminus of the lines of the Mexican Central section, and near it is the terminus of the Mexican Railway. The Archduke Maximilian was shot on a hill outside this city with two of his generals, after the President of the United States, Queen Victoria, and the French and Austrian Emperors had tried to save his life by an appeal to the Mexicans. The raids went on for years until the Mexican Government offered £20 for every Indian warrior’s scalp, later raising the price to £50, and thus checked the trouble. The car then goes up the central trunk line of Mexico to El Paso (Ciudad Juarez), where it crosses into the United States. Beyond Vera Cruz the National fines intersect the Tehuantepec Railway, which runs from Puerto Mexico, on the Gulf of Campeche, across to Salina Cruz on the Pacific, while a further link of the National lines runs parallel with the south coast to the border of the Republic of Guatemala. AAR Full members include the major freight railroads in the United States, Canada and Mexico, as well as Amtrak. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Vintage Postcard locomotive train, National Railways of Mexico 3028 at the best online prices at eBay! Queretaro (637 miles; 5,938 ft), with 37,000 inhabitants, is rich in minerals, opal mines being near by. The country traversed is noted for its luxuriant vegetation; Dr. Fuchs, the German botanist who gave his name to the fuchsia, lived for some time in this region, where varieties of fuchsias abound. The altitude of the station is 3,717 ft, and the American engineers took the track to Mexico City through the mountains without one tunnel, although they had maximum gradients of 1 in 57. Nacionales de Mexico. Oaxaca, with a population of 40,000, was first an Aztec and then a Spanish stronghold. The railway follows the Rio Grande for ninety-two miles to Camargo, where it turns away to begin the climb to Monterrey, traversing picturesque country. Mexico's peak travel seasons are Christmas, the week before and after Easter, early May (May 1, which is Labor Day, and May 5 are national holidays), the beginning of … The distance from Nogales to Guadalajara is 1,095 miles, and from there to Mexico City is a further 381, making a total of 1,476 miles. British-owned railway company, incorporated as the Imperial Mexican Railway in September 1864, later known as the Mexican Railway. CN’s network is your connection to North America and the world. The coastal region traversed by the railway is fertile and the first part of the journey is through country producing sugar-cane, maize, and other tropical crops, Then comes a timber region, where hardwood is so plentiful that mahogany is used in the building of the track. The N de M first began as both a narrow-gauge and standard gauge railroad. Tehuacan (5,487 ft), eighty miles from Puebla, is linked by a branch line to Esperanza, which, as previously stated, is at the top of the great climb made by the Mexican Railway line from Vera Cruz. Sabinas, seventy-three miles south of the border, is a junction for a short branch line, as also is Barroteran (eighty-nine miles). The remaining train tours mostly serve the tourist market, offering a charming mode of transportation and the chance to see spectacular landscapes that would otherwise be difficult to reach. A preserved N de M 2-8-0 narrow-gauge steam locomotive. Map of the Mexican National Railway showing the lines granted by the Mexican government to the Mexican National Construction Company (Palmer-Sullivan concession) The line ascends between the hills, reaching at 241 miles Buena Vista, where General Taylor and his 4,700 Americans defeated 23,000 Mexicans under General Santa Anna in 1847. A concrete culvert, 476 ft long, by about 18 ft span, with walls nearly 18 ft high, was built to carry the water in the bed of the gorge, and about 400,000 cubic yards of earth and debris were dumped to make the embankment, which for years was called the “Big Fill”. The car starts from Tucson, in Arizona, enters Mexico at Nogales, stops for a day and two nights at Mazatlan, and for a day and a night at Guadalajara, where it proceeds on the National Railways, staying a night at Irapuato, a day at Guanajuato, while at Mexico City passengers can stay eight days or longer, as the car operates weekly. Mineral products accounted for over 3,152,000 tons, and agricultural products for over 2,076,000 tons of this big total. The line gains the valley by means of the Tajo de Nochistongo, or “Cut of Huehuetoca”, a trench once nearly four miles long that was cut through the mountains to drain the Valley of Mexico. In the seventy-five miles to Aguascalientes (863 miles) the line descends 1,831 feet, as Aguascalientes lies at an altitude of 6,179 ft. The line descends, passes through the one tunnel on the system, and goes through rocky country to San Geronimo (158 miles), junction for the Pan-American line which goes to Suchiate, 286 miles away, on the border of Guatemala. The performance of Mexico’s three (now two) main rail freight concessions compares Beyond this comes another difficult section through the towering walls of the Canyon de la Mano, where a gradient of 1 in 25 was necessary. Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. Trains from the United States reach Piedras Negras from San Antonio. The narrow gauge Interoceanic Railway to Vera Cruz competes with the Mexican Railway. Another route into Mexico is that via Eagle Pass by a line which joins the route just described at the junction station of Saltillo. The Tehuana women are energetic, enterprising, and attractive; they greatly outnumber the men. The stem of the twig goes 145 miles to Santa Lucrecia, to connect with the Tehuantepec line across Mexico; but this stem buds in branch lines at several places. Founded in 1934, AAR is the world’s leading railroad policy, research, standard setting, and technology organization that focuses on the safety and productivity of the U.S. freight rail industry. The American brother waved the Mexican flag and the Mexican brother the American flag, and the brothers saluted each other, as symbolical of the meeting of the lines from the two republics. Two main lines run from it, one west to San Luis Potosi, and the other north-west to Monterrey and the USA. The route to Mexico City is thus a roundabout one of 602 miles. Patent applications, residents. It possesses mills, factories, and ore-smelters. Puente de Ixtla (112 miles) is an agricultural town. The Southern Pacific Railroad has 39 locomotives, 686 freight wagons, 276 company service cars, and 37 passenger coaches in operation on their lines. Eagle Pass is in Texas, the town on the Mexican bank of the Rio Grande being Piedras Negras. SAFETY FIRST is the meaning of the Spanish words “Seguridad Ante Todo”, painted on the front buffer beam of this 4-8-0 locomotive of the National Railways of Mexico. San Luis Potosi (477 miles; 5,938 ft) is a mining city, which was exploited by the Spanish who worked the mines in this district. (MCR, N de M, and FXE. The line continues to rise, crossing the Tropic of Cancer, and goes through a rich mining district. Twelve of the foreigners are employed in foreign agencies, another is Vice-President and Assistant Treasurer in New York, while the remaining two are classified as “other officers”. Work started in 1607, the first plan being to drive a tunnel, and some 15,000 Indians were forced to labour, thousands dying from hardships. This 202 tons engine is employed on heavy goods services, and resembles other Mexican locomotives in following American design. The “hotel car” is self-contained. This “Pacific” locomotive follows in design the standard American practice, having a feed-water heater before the chimney, and a bell behind it. 7000-7999. Locomotive Wiki is a FANDOM Lifestyle Community. It enters the country at Nogales, and runs near the Pacific coast, which it approaches near Guaymas, and connects with the National system at Guadalajara, for access to Mexico City. These diesels lived longer on the N de M as opposed to the other two railroads who purchased them. Rubber, tobacco, coffee, and cocoa plantations abound. Liner shipping connectivity index (maximum value in 2004 = 100) Air transport, registered carrier departures worldwide. [From part 42 and part 43, published 15 and 22 November 1935], [Read the previous article in part 42]               [Read the next article in part 43]. Hidalgo divided some sweets among the firing squad before he was executed. This town was formerly Paso del Norte (Pass of the North), but was renamed to commemorate President Juarez. ON THE SOUTHERN PACIFIC SYSTEM. The line goes down and then up to Ahuacatlan (989 miles; 3,484 ft). Huehuetoca (1,198 miles) is at the top of the last gradient, and after this the train speeds up and gains Mexico City, 1,226 miles from the start. MODERN ALL-STEEL BRIDGE on the Manzanillo-Mexico City line of the National Railways of Mexico. Over the next few decades, rail lines gradually radiated from Mexico City to connect interior points with the U.S. railroad network at Nogales, Arizona, and the Texas towns of Laredo and El Paso. Experimenting, merging, using innovative technology and computerized systems, these railroads survive and prosper as a testament to the spirit of the West. After leaving San Luis Potosi the line passes through a flat valley, and then a stony region of steeper gradients, emerging into more fertile lands. Passengers travelling across the United States from New York to the Pacific coast are offered “side-trips” into Mexico at reduced fares, and various steamship companies organize combined railway and steamship tours. GRADIENTS OF 1 IN 22 are encountered on the journey by trains of the Mexican Railway bound for Mexico City. The main line is part of the National Railroad. Santa Lucrecia (seventy-nine miles), the junction for the line to Vera Cruz, has about 1,000 human inhabitants and many million mosquitoes. Tampico, with a population of 100,000, is the great oil port. 639 (402) 0-8-0RT Ciudad de Mexico, Distrito Federal Location: Sindicato Nacional de Trabajadores Ferrocarrileros - Victor Flores Railway Museum After Mogone (116 miles) the line enters a gorge which is the dividing line between the jungle and the uplands. The Mexican Railway (Ferrocarril Mexicano) (reporting mark FCM) was one of the primary pre-nationalization railways of Mexico. The town does not mark the end of the line, as spur lines extend east, west, and south, in the manner of the roots of a tree. The engine was used for both passenger and freight service on the Nacionales de Mexico railway. The trunk line proceeds to Leon (968 miles) in a fertile valley and on to Irapuato (1,007 miles), which is a junction for the railway which runs to Guadalajara and to Manzanillo. The lounge has easy chairs, and contains a cafe for passengers who do not wish to take meals in their compartments. Out of the 34,455 persons on the books of the company all except fifteen are Mexicans. An air-conditioned “hotel on wheels” cruises through Mexico. Roster info: Randy Keller Chihuahua, with 30,000 inhabitants, is a romantic town in many ways. The main groups are: the Mexican Railway, comprising 321½ miles of standard gauge, and over 108 miles of narrow-gauge track; the National Railways with a route mileage of over 8,400, and the Southern Pacific, owning 1,355 miles. The main line of the National Railways extends south from Nuevo Laredo, on the Rio Grande, to Mexico City, passing through Monterrey, Saltillo, San Luis Potosi, and Queretaro - a distance of 803 miles. Mexico City Receipts show that in 1934 the company had the largest net income in its history, passenger receipts being up by 20 per cent and goods receipts by over 30 per cent. In this paper, I examine governmental motives for the construction of these vast railroads, and both the foreign and the domestic effects the introduction of railways had on India and Mexico. As he would not speak he was tortured to death. This fine steel structure is crossed by trains running between Guadalajara, a junction, and Manzanillo on the west coast of Mexico. This first line, 276 miles long, climbs up from Tampico into the mountains, leaving the region of tropical vegetation and mounting to 5,938 ft at San Luis Potosi. Expresses bring the tourists from the United States to Mexico City in the following times: New York, eighty-four hours; Chicago, sixty-nine hours; Los Angeles, sixty-eight hours; and St. Louis, sixty-two hours; in the two last instances without changing trains. When the church was finished the officer in command of the district seized the Indian and ordered him to show the way to the mine. The train is headed by one of the powerful electric locomotives with overhead collectors which are used on this system. The most severe was at 1 in 25 on the way to the summit at La Cima, beyond which was a descent at 1 in 26 to reach Mexico City. In the ‘forties the invading American Army under General Taylor fought its way south along this route. Huichapan (704 miles) is passed, and at Nopala (716 miles) the train climbs above the elevation of Mexico City to the summit of the line, and then descends; but it has to make another ascent to gain an entrance to the Valley of Mexico. The National Railways have over 880 locomotives working their standard gauge lines, and some 200 on their 3 ft gauge routes. Trains take about six hours for the journey to Puebla, and about twelve hours for the 228 miles thence to Oaxaca. Early in the last century Apache and Comanche Indians who found the United States too hot to hold them crossed into Mexico and preyed on the settlers. THE METLAC BRIDGE on the Vera Cruz-Mexico City route of the Mexican Railway. 901 at Oaxaca, Mexico, on October 12 1962. 13000-13099 . Saltillo (235 miles) lies at an altitude of 5,249 ft, and is a city of 48,300 inhabitants, with a history dating back to 1575, when the Spanish discovered the region. Torreon was founded as recently as 1887 on a ranch, and now has a population of over 26,000. - from the book jacket. It was begun in the ‘nineties at a time when the completion of the Panama Canal was regarded as impracticable after the failure of the French attempt. The occasion was a ceremonious one. It is connected with Oaxaca by the line of the Mexican Southern Railway, which is part of the lines operated by the National Railways. Train travel in Mexico, Central & South America. This item will be shipping in a 2" diameter shipping tube to protect it during transit. Go back to see more maps of Mexico  Maps of Mexico. El Paso is on the Texan side of the Rio Grande, and the train crosses the international bridge to Ciudad Juarez, in Mexico. Tula (1,177 miles, and fifty miles from Mexico City) is a village of 2,000 inhabitants. The N de M purchased 14 single unit Baldwin DR-12-8-1500/2 locomotives (better known as "Centipedes", due to the 2-D+D-2 wheel arrangement). Maps & Network. SHOWING THE ROUTE OF THE LINE. Find information on railway stations in Mexico State as well as 146 railway stations in Mexico, 788 railway stations in North America The name means “Hot Waters”, and the town has a population of over 56,000. It was the capital of the mysterious Toltecs, who appeared in Mexico for about four centuries and disappeared about the eleventh century. As far as Roseta (891 miles) there is not a station all the way from Empalme, which is as much as two hundred feet above sea-level; but in the thirty-three miles from Foseta to the town of Tepic the line has to rise from 187 ft to 3,001 ft. 07.17 - Message from the National Railway Equipment Co. Board of Directors 07.07 - Breaking Barriers & Engineering a Better Solution - NRE E-Gov 05.27 - NRE … The Indian refused and was put to the torture. Go back to see more maps of New Mexico  U.S. Maps. 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