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(b.c. Jonah 3:6-10. On Jonah, Stuart argues for the historicity of the book. Jonah 3:6, ESV: "The word reached the king of Nineveh, and he arose from his throne, removed his robe, covered himself with sackcloth, and sat in ashes." Jonah then expresses something uncommon and extraordinary, when he tells us that it was contained in the king's edict, that men should cry mightily to God; for it was the same as though he said, "Let all men now awake and shake off their indifference; for every one of us have hitherto greatly indulged ourselves in our vices: it is now time that fear should possess our minds, and also constrain us to deprecate the … Now Nineveh was a very large city; it took three days to go through it. Jonah intended to run away from God. In this commentary on the prophet Jonah, the author will take the reader on a tour of the historical background, the main characters and their role, the main argument, the main purpose, and an … 3 Then the word of the Lord came to Jonah a second time: 2 “Go to the great city of Nineveh and proclaim to it the message I give you.” 3 Jonah obeyed the word of the Lord and went to Nineveh. And their city was 500 miles (800 kilometres) away! "The Gloss on Jonah relies almost exclusively on Jerome’s commentary on Jonah (c. 396), so its Latin often has a tone of urbane classicism. The third chapter begins in nearly the same way as chapter 1, “The word of the Lord came to Jonah…” The message was almost identical to the first with two minor changes: 1. The man disobeys and flees, but God providentially brings Jonah back to the original call to which he finally obeys.1 The book of Jonah is one of those unique Old Testament stories that easily transfers to children’s Sunday School. Jonah 3:6 "For word came unto the king of Nineveh, and he arose from his throne, and he laid his robe from him, and covered [him] with sackcloth, and sat in ashes." Baldwin also questions the arguments of those who identify Jonah as a work of fiction. 3:1-5 A Calling Revived. Jonah 3:3 Nineveh; Jonah 3 Nineveh; DAVID STRAIN. This is key, because remember in chapter one, we saw everyone praying to their false gods while Jonah remained silent. "Many wish to repent, yet so as not to part with their luxuries or the vanity of their dress, like the Greek who said he would 'like to be a philosopher, yet in a few things, not altogether.' Jonah 3:6 For word came unto the king of Nineveh, and he arose from his throne, and he laid his robe from him, and covered him with sackcloth, and sat in ashes. Biblical Commentary Jonah 3:10 - 4:11 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: This is one of those scripture passages where the preacher must know the underlying story to make sense of the lectionary reading. Common terms and phrases. Chapter 4. First is God's grace shown to His prophet, Jonah, by extending him a second chance after his flagrant rebellion in chapter 1. 840.) Read Introduction to Jonah . For the usual signs of Oriental mourning, comp. "He exchanges purple, gold, gems for the simple rough and sordid sackcloth, and his throne for the most abject ashes, the humblest thing he could do, fulfilling a deeper degree of humility than is related of the people. Then word came to the king of Nineveh; and he arose from his throne and laid aside his robe, covered himself with sackcloth and sat in ashes. Book Overview - Jonah by Arend Remmers. For word came unto the king of Nineveh Who was not Sardanapalus, a very dissolute prince, and abandoned to his lusts; but rather Pul, the same that came against Menahem king of Israel, ( 2 Kings 15:19 ) , as Bishop Usher F19 thinks; to him news were brought that there was such a prophet come into the city, and published such and such things, which met with credit among the people; and that these, of all ranks and degrees, age and sex, were afflicted with it, and thrown into the utmost concern about it; so very swiftly did the ministry of Jonah spread in the city; and what he delivered was so quickly carried from one to another, that in one day's time it reached the palace, and the royal ear: and he arose from his throne; where he sat in great majesty and splendour, encircled by his nobles, receiving their caresses and compliments; or, it may be, giving audience to foreign ambassadors, sent to court his friendship and alliance; or hearing causes, and redressing the grievances of his subjects; for he appears to be one that did not indulge himself in hunting, and such like exercises, or in his lusts and pleasures: and he laid his robe from him; his royal apparel, his imperial robe, and garments of his glory, as the Targum; or his glorious garments, with which he was richly and most magnificently arrayed; he put off these, and left his throne, in token of his concern at hearing such dismal tidings as the overthrow of his capital city, and of his humiliation and abasement: and covered [him] with sackcloth; which was very rough and coarse, and must be very disagreeable to a person so tender and delicate, and was what the meanest of his subjects wore on this occasion: and sat in ashes; or "in the" or "that ashes" F20; used in such times of mourning, which were either strewed under him, or put upon his head; and this, with the other, were done to afflict the body, and affect the mind with a sense of sin, and the misery threatened for sin, and to shaw deep humiliation for it. 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